How Did Stalin Move the Industrial Eastwards During WW2?

The Soviets were not taken completely by surprise when Germany attacked in 1941. From 1938 onwards, the Soviet government made detailed plans for wartime economic mobilization and evacuation. But pre-war planning had not anticipated an evacuation of the size that occurred. On June 24, 1941, the Council for Evacuation was appointed. Ten days later, Voznesenskii, director of five-year planning, was authorized to commence movement of industry and workers to the east. Local committees used the five-year plan structure with 3,000 agents controlling the movement. Large scale evacuation of industrial plants began in August 1941 and continued until end of the year. Sacrificing immediate production, many factories closed in August 1941, packed up, and moved to the Ural Mountains. But because their products were needed, some plants remained in production until too late to be moved. Only 17 of the 64 iron and steel plants in the Donbas were evacuated between October and December 1941. The Kharkov tank factory was still being dismantled when the Germans arrived. Railroads made the evacuation possible. As the railroads moved 2.5 million men to the front in June, July, and August, they moved industrial machinery on their return journeys. For example, on August 7, 1941, 3,000 rail cars per day evacuated iron and steel manufacturing equipment from the Dnieper area--1,000 cars per day for the electrical industry, 400 cars per day for the chemical industry, and others. From August 8 to August 15, 1941, 26,000 rail cars evacuated industries in the Ukraine. In Moscow, 80,000 cars transported 498 factories, including 75,000 lathes, leaving only 21,000. Production by many factories resumed by December. Although the results prove that, in an overall sense, the evacuation of industry to the east was a tremendous success, it was by no means a perfect, polished operation. Of the 700 plants evacuated in the first months of the war, only 270 arrived at planned destinations fully equipped, and 110 arrived with only part of their equipment. The other 320 factories never arrived at their intended destinations. Finding buildings to house the evacuated factories was a major problem: and, as scruffy_scirocco says, finding adequate housing for workers was even worse. Some factories were expanded or used to rebuild an existing factory--for example, the tank factories. The tank factory at Magnitogorsk received machinery from 34 evacuated factories. Despite all efforts, much evacuated material and machinery remained in warehouses by the spring of 1942. The evacuation of the factories was an immense undertaking. In the last three months of 1941, GOSPLAN moved 1,360 factories: 455 to the Urals, 210 to western Siberia, and 250 to Central Asia and Kazahkstan. By the end of 1941, 1,523 large factories were moved. A few went to the Far East. Do not imagine that this immense effort rescued all or even most west-Russian factories from German seizure. The total evacuated was only a small portion of the 32,000 factories captured by the Germans. But arms-related factories representing 12% of the industrial potential in the occupied zone, were evacuated. And that was enough to form a base for the quick resumption of production, out of reach of the Wehrmacht and out of range of the Luftwaffe.

1. Ringing in my ears. What's the cause?

Hello, a little info from webmd.com, Prevention Share this: You may be able to prevent ringing in the ears if you: Limit or avoid exposure to loud noises, such as music, power tools, gunshots, and industrial machinery. Wear protective earplugs or earmuffs if you cannot avoid loud noises. Do not use wadded-up tissue or cotton balls. These do not protect adequately against loud noises, especially the more dangerous high frequencies, and they may become lodged in the ear canal. Be careful when using stereo headphones. If music is so loud that others can hear it clearly or you can not hear other sounds around you, the volume is too high. Cut back on or stop drinking alcohol and beverages containing caffeine. Do not smoke or use smokeless tobacco products. Nicotine use may cause tinnitus by reducing blood flow to the structures of the ear. For more information, see the topic Quitting Smoking. Exercise regularly. Exercise may prevent tinnitus because it improves blood flow to the structures of the ear. For more information, see the topic Fitness. Maintain a healthy weight. Tinnitus occurs more frequently in obese adults. For more information, see the topic Weight Management.

2. does anyone know what was the profession of a millwright???

Millwright From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Derived from the trade of carpentry, a millwright originally was a specialised carpenter who was trained as a carpenter and as well had working knowledge of gear ratios, driveshaft speeds, and other equations. The "mill" in millwright refers to the genesis of the trade in flour mills. Biographies of some millwrights who were located in Norwich, England can be found here. Several important early civil engineers were originally trained as millwrights, including James Brindley and John Rennie. A millwright today is someone who maintains or constructs industrial machinery such as that which would be related to assembly lines, also pumps, valves, printing presses, etc. Millwrights are usually responsible for the unassembled equipment when it arrives at the job site. Using hoisting and moving equipment they position the pieces that need to be assembled. Their job requires a thorough knowledge of the load bearing capabilities of the equipment they use as well as an understanding of blueprints and technical instructions. Most millwrights are educated through apprenticeship programs where they receive a combination of classroom education along with a good deal of on the job training. Most programs last about 4 years. The apprenticeships usually pay a small stipend that increases with experience. A high percentage of millwrights join unions to help protect their interests and those with a high level of skill often start their own businesses as independent contractors.

3. What is the meaning of "interlook dead period" in reference to naval mines?

What is the meaning of "interlook dead period" in reference to naval mines?Do you mean Interlock dead period (not Interlook)?A Safety Interlock is a feature built into a system that prevents something from happening while certain conditions are met.The sensor inside your refrigerator door that turns on the light when you open it and shuts it off again when you close it is an example of an interlock we are all familiar with. Though for power savings rather than safety. Another common safety interlock would be the guards on industrial machinery that if lifted or opened will automatically stop the equipment.A Deadman's switch is another type of safety interlock.In regards to naval mines, when you place a live mine in the water, there is a very good chance the mine might decide to explode on the vessel laying the mine. Though set, the mine is not live until after that time passes, it is still "dead". The length of time would thus be called the "interlock dead period"What is the meaning of "interlook dead period" in reference to naval mines?

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Understand Industrial Machinery: an Introduction to Industrial Machinery
An Introduction to industrial machineryFive-Year Plans of Nepal generally strove to increase output and employment; develop the infrastructure; attain economic stability; promote industry, commerce, and international trade; establish administrative and public service institutions to support economic development; and also introduce labor-intensive production techniques to alleviate underemployment. The social goals of the plans were improving health and education as well as encouraging equitable income distribution. Although each plan had different development priorities, the allocation of resources did not always reflect these priorities. The first four plans concentrated on infrastructure-to make it possible to facilitate the movement of goods and services-and to increase the size of the market. Each of the five-year plans depended heavily on foreign assistance in the forms of grants and loans.Ringing in my ears. What's the cause? of industrial machineryHello, a little info from webmd.com,PreventionShare this:You may be able to prevent ringing in the ears if you: Limit or avoid exposure to loud noises, such as music, power tools, gunshots, and industrial machinery. Wear protective earplugs or earmuffs if you cannot avoid loud noises. Do not use wadded-up tissue or cotton balls. These do not protect adequately against loud noises, especially the more dangerous high frequencies, and they may become lodged in the ear canal. Be careful when using stereo headphones. If music is so loud that others can hear it clearly or you can't hear other sounds around you, the volume is too high. Cut back on or stop drinking alcohol and beverages containing caffeine. Do not smoke or use smokeless tobacco products. Nicotine use may cause tinnitus by reducing blood flow to the structures of the ear. For more information, see the topic Quitting Smoking. Exercise regularly. Exercise may prevent tinnitus because it improves blood flow to the structures of the ear. For more information, see the topic Fitness. Maintain a healthy weight. Tinnitus occurs more frequently in obese adults. For more information, see the topic Weight Management.Myths About Storage Container Auctions of industrial machineryIf you are looking to go for a storage auctions in your area then there are various important things that needs to be considered. Storage auctions provide a great way to get good quality storage containers at reasonable prices. Storage auctions are often misunderstood and can easily lead to quite confusion among those who are planning to attend them for the first time. Let us look at the myths about storage auctions mentioned below.Each Unit contains quality stuffIt is quite difficult to find quality stuff in auctions. If you have visited industrial machinery auctions then you must know that not all auctions can provide quality stuff. In order to get a good experience of storage auctions, you must do some research about the stuff being sold in the auctions.It is difficult to tell what is inside unitThis is surely a myth that you cannot get information about the unit and what is insider it. You can easily get information about the units and get information about storage containers and other information like materials etc.Storage Operators Remove Valuables Before the AuctionAnother misconception about auctions is that storage operators remove valuables before conducting auctions. In reality it could be possible that certain relevant information could be missed out but this is not the case with all storage auctions.A Credit Card Is All You Need to Buy a UnitIt is not possible that everyone would be required to pay the amount using credit card. Instead, you could be required to pay the amount using cash as well. You have the option to pay by cash along with paying sales tax etc. There could be an additional deposit that you may be required to pay apart from normal deposit.You Must Attend the AuctionIt may not be possible for everyone to attend all the auctions at different sites but instead there are many sites available online that provide you an option to pay auction amount online. Furthermore, you must do some research about the online auctions before enrolling yourself. You may get quality storage tank uk at online auctions. Therefore going for an online auction is a feasible.Storage Operators Make a Big Profit From AuctionsStorage facilities may not get all the profit and instead have to pay a fraction of profit to their auction holder apart from that storage facility owners also will be getting additional deposit amount as well.You Can Pick Up Everything at Your ConvenienceBuying anything at the auction also involves completing all the formalities. After buying a unit, you have close of next business day for the delivery of the consignment. There could be some of the things that you not are able to get as per your convenience since it also depends on the company which will be releasing the consignment.Buying a storage tank from auctions is always a difficult thing especially when you are not having complete knowledge about the procedure. Therefore it is good to do some research before joining any online auctions
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